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Boreal Forest

 

Alder

Flora, fauna, earth, and sky...
The natural history of the northwoods

Classification

  • Province: Laurentian Mixed Forest
    • Section: Northern Superior Uplands
      • Subsection: Border Lakes
  • System: Fire Dependent Woodland

Description:

  • The Alder/Willow Wetland, about 2.5% of the BWCAW by surface area
  • Slow moving subsurface water with dense, nearly impenetrable cover of tall shrubs
  • Signature Species

Indicator
Species:

Trees

Shrubs

Herbs

Ground Cover

Plants of the Fir/Birch Community

Trees

Shrubs

Herbs

Ground Cover

Plants of the Upland White Cedar Community

Trees

Tall Shrubs

Short Shrubs

Herbs

Ground Cover

  • Dicranum Mosses, Dicranum spp
  • Clubmosses, Lycopodium spp
  • Schreber's Feathermoss, Pleurozium schreberi
  • Other Feathermosses,

Landform & Topography:

Soils & Hydrology:

Identification:

  • Spruce Grouse, Dendragapus canadensis
  • Great Grey Owl, Strix nebulosa
  • Chickadees,
  • Nuthatches,
  • Pine Siskin, Carduelis pinus
  • Ruby Crowned Kinglet, Regulus calendula
  • Gold Crowned Kinglet, Regulus satrapa
  • Swainson's Thrush, Catharus ustulatus
  • Northern Parula Warbler, Parula americana
  • Magnolia Warbler, Dendroica magnolia
  • Yellow Rumped Warbler, Dendroica coronata
  • Black Throated Green Warbler, Dendroica virens
  • Blackburnian Warbler, Dendroica fusca
  • Bay Breasted Warbler, Dendroica castanea
  • Cape May Warbler, Dendroica tigrina
  • Ovenbird, Seiurus aurocapillus
  • White Throated Sparrow, Zonotrichia albicollis
  • Dark Eyed Junco, Junco hyemalis
  • Red Crossbill, Loxia curvirostra
  • White Winged Crossbill, Loxia leucoptera
  • Evening Grosbeak, Hesperiphona vespertina
  • Pine Grosbeak, Pinicola enucleator
  • Moose, Alces alces
  • Snowshoe Hare, Lepus americanus
  • Red Squirrel, Tamiasciurus hudsonicus

Natural
History

  • History

Other
Communities:

Lowland Plant Communities Upland Plant Communities
 

Boreal border

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Last updated on 30 June, 2004